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The Great Migration’s Impact on the Educational Achievement of Black Children

Research in Focus — Bryan Stuart of the Philadelphia Fed and his coauthors examine the impact of migration on Black children’s educational outcomes using county-specific place effects.

Featured Work

Can a Car-Loving Culture Embrace Mass Transit? Investigating the Societal Welfare Created by a New Commuter Rail Network

Research in Focus — By modelling the observable and unobservable repercussions of a new commuter rail system, the author identifies the effects of introducing a mass transit network to a densely populated, car-oriented metropolitan area.

Regional Economics

Working Paper

The Evolution of Local Labor Markets After Recessions

WP 22-16 – Local areas that have more severe employment losses during recessions experience highly persistent declines in employment, population, employment-to-population ratios, and earnings per capita.

Regional Economics

Working Paper

The Problem Has Existed Over Endless Years: Racialized Difference in Commuting, 1980–2019

WP 22-13 – Average commute times have historically varied by race in the U.S. We document trends in commuting differences by race over the past 40 years and explore factors that drive these differences.

Featured Data

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Manufacturing Business Outlook Survey

Monthly survey of manufacturers in the Third District

Updated: 19 May ’22

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State Leading Indexes

Six-month forecast of the coincident index for each of the 50 states

Updated: April 29, 2020

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COVID-19 Business Outlook Survey

Special survey (now monthly, previously weekly) of firms in the Third District

Updated: 23 Dec ’20

November 2019 Map

State Coincident Indexes

Monthly index of general economic conditions for each of the 50 states

Updated: 25 May ’22

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Nonmanufacturing Business Outlook Survey

Monthly survey of nonmanufacturing businesses in the Third District

Updated: 24 May ’22

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Third District Beige Book

Qualitative assessment of economic conditions in the Third District released prior to each FOMC meeting

Updated: 20 Apr ’22