Row of small business store fronts, including a florist & gift shop

Credit & Capital


Small Business Credit Survey: 2022 Insights from New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and the Third District

Three briefs translate data from the Fed’s Small Business Credit Survey: 2022 Report on Employer Firms into bold infographics to paint a picture of small business conditions in the Third District (Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania).

A Map of Racially Restrictive Covenants in the City of Philadelphia

An interactive look at the impact of discriminatory real estate practices on the people and economy of Philadelphia.


Q&A: Larry Santucci on Philadelphia's Racially Restrictive Covenants and Their Lasting Effects

The Bank’s Advisor and Research Fellow in the Consumer Finance Institute explores racially restrictive covenants in the city of Philadelphia and their lasting effects.

Aruoba-Diebold-Scotti Business Conditions Index

An index designed to track real business conditions at high observation frequency

Examining Resolution of Mortgage Forbearances and Delinquencies – July/August 2022

New in July/August — “Are Mortgage Delinquencies and Forbearances Settling into a New Normal?”

Regional Economics

Working Paper

Getting Schooled: The Role of Universities in Attracting Immigrant Entrepreneurs

WP 22-19 – We study immigrant founders of venture-capital backed firms using a new and detailed data set that we assemble on the backgrounds of founders.