We address this by analyzing how bank bailouts influence deposit quantities and prices of recipients versus other banks. Using the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) bailouts, we find both deposit quantities and prices decline, consistent with substantially reduced demand for deposits by bailed-out banks that dominate market discipline supply effects. Main findings are robust to numerous checks and endogeneity tests. However, diving deeper into depositor heterogeneity suggests nuances. Increases in uninsured deposits, transactions deposits, and deposits in banks that repaid bailout funds early suggest some temporary limited support for weakened market discipline.
Unexpected Effects of Bank Bailouts: Depositors Need Not Apply and Need Not Run
WP 21-10 – A key policy issue is whether bank bailouts weaken or strengthen market discipline.