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September 2017 Manufacturing Business Outlook Survey

Manufacturing firms reported an improvement in regional manufacturing conditions in September. The survey’s current indicators for general activity, new orders, and shipments increased this month and suggest a broadening of growth. Price pressures also picked up, according to the reporting firms. The survey’s future indicators suggest that manufacturers have generally grown more optimistic over the past three months.

Most Current Indicators Improved This Month

The index for current manufacturing activity in the region increased 5 points to a reading of 23.8 and has remained positive for 14 consecutive months (see Chart 1). Nearly 39 percent of the firms indicated increases in activity this month; 15 percent reported a decrease in activity. The new orders and shipments indexes also registered an improvement, increasing 9 points and 8 points, respectively. Both the unfilled orders and delivery times indexes were positive for the 11th consecutive month, suggesting longer delivery times and an increase in unfilled orders.

Firms reported, on balance, an increase in manufacturing employment this month. The percentage of firms reporting an increase in employment (18 percent) exceeded the percentage reporting a decrease (12 percent). The current employment index fell 4 points but has remained positive for 10 consecutive months.

Survey Price Measures Rise This Month

Price increases were more widespread this month. On the cost side, nearly 38 percent of the firms reported increases in the prices paid for inputs this month, up from 24 percent in August. The prices paid index increased 13 points to its highest reading since March (see Chart 2). With respect to prices received for firms’ own manufactured goods, nearly 25 percent of the firms reported higher prices, up from 16 percent in August. The prices received index increased 9 points to its highest reading since January.

Six-Month Indexes Show Continued Improvement

The diffusion index for future general activity increased from 42.3 in August to 55.2 this month. The index has now increased for three consecutive months and is at its highest reading since March (see Chart 1). The indexes for future new orders and shipments also showed improvement, increasing 8 points and 12 points, respectively. Firms remained optimistic about increases in employment over the next six months, although the future employment diffusion index fell 3 points. Thirty-six percent of the firms expect increases in employment; only 6 percent expect decreases. The future capital spending index remained at a relatively high reading, with nearly 44 percent of the firms expecting capital spending increases over the next six months.

Most Firms Expect Increased Production for Rest of the Year

In this month’s special questions, firms were asked to estimate their total production growth for the third quarter ending this month along with expected growth for the fourth quarter. The share of firms reporting increases in third-quarter production (66 percent) was greater than the share reporting decreases (23 percent). Looking ahead to the fourth quarter, 55 percent of the firms expect acceleration in the rate of production, while 24 percent of the firms expect deceleration. For those firms expecting an increase in production, 31 percent of the firms expect to hire additional workers. The remaining firms indicated that they would increase the work hours of current workers (36 percent) or increase the productivity of current workers (25 percent) rather than increasing the number of workers.


Responses to the September Manufacturing Business Outlook Survey suggest continued growth for the region’s manufacturing sector. The indexes for general activity, new orders, and shipments increased this month, and employment remained positive. Firms also reported renewed price pressures this month. Firms forecast an acceleration of production growth for the upcoming fourth quarter, and firms’ overall forecast for the next six months showed further improvement.

Special Questions (September 2017)

1. How will your firm’s total production for the third quarter compare with that of the second quarter?*
  Change attributable to (%):
  % of firms Seasonal factors Business conditions Other
Increase 65.6 21.9 28.1 9.4
No change 10.9      
Decrease 23.4 7.8 7.8 6.3
*Subtotals may not sum to totals because of incomplete answers.
2. For the upcoming fourth quarter, how much growth do you expect at your plant compared with the third quarter?
Significant acceleration 11.9 % of firms expecting acceleration: 55.2
Some acceleration 28.4
Slight acceleration 14.9
No change 20.9  
Slight deceleration 7.5 % of firms expecting deceleration: 23.9
Some deceleration 14.9
Significant deceleration 1.5
3. If you expect to increase production in the fourth quarter, how will this be accomplished?
Hiring additional workers 30.6  
Increasing work hours of current staff, without hiring additional workers 36.1
Increasing productivity of current staff, without hiring additional workers 25.0
Other 8.3

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September 2017 PDF

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Questions about the Business Outlook Survey and its historical data can be addressed to Mike Trebing. E-mail