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March 2010 Business Outlook Survey

The region's manufacturing sector is continuing to show signs of growth, according to firms polled for this month's Business Outlook Survey. Indexes for general activity, new orders, shipments, and employment all remained positive this month. The survey's broad indicators of future activity continued to suggest that the region's manufacturing executives expect business activity to increase over the next six months.

Indicators Suggest Continued Growth

The survey's broadest measure of manufacturing conditions, the diffusion index of current activity, increased from a reading of 17.6 in February to 18.9 this month. The index has now remained positive for seven consecutive months (see Chart). Although still positive and suggesting growth, indexes for current new orders and shipments fell back from their readings in February: The new orders index fell 13 points, and the shipments index fell 6 points. The current inventory index moved back into negative territory after recording its first positive reading since September 2007 last month.

Firms' responses continued to suggest that labor market conditions have been stabilizing in recent months. For the fourth consecutive month, the percentage of firms reporting an increase in employment is greater than the percentage reporting declines. The current employment index edged 1 point higher and is at its highest reading since October 2007, yet only 17 percent of the firms reported an increase in employment this month. The workweek index was 6 points higher and has now remained positive for five consecutive months.

Prices for Manufactured Goods Are Steady, Although Higher Costs Reported

Respondents have been reporting higher costs for inputs over the past six months. Thirty-nine percent of firms reported higher prices paid; no firms reported lower prices paid. On balance, however, firms reported near-steady prices for their own manufactured goods: The percentage of firms (13 percent) reporting increases was the same as that reporting decreases. The largest percentage, 74 percent, reported no change in prices for their manufactured goods.

Firms' Outlook Remains Optimistic

The future general activity index remained positive for the 15th consecutive month and increased from 35.8 in February to 52.0 in March (see Chart). The future new orders index edged 4 points higher, but the future shipments index fell 7 points. For the 11th consecutive month, the percentage of firms expecting employment to increase over the next six months (33 percent) exceeded the percentage expecting declines (9 percent). Firms continue to forecast increases in unfilled orders, delivery times, and inventories. The planned capital spending index fell 16 points, after reaching its highest reading in almost three years last month.

In special questions this month, firms were asked about their expectations for production growth for the upcoming second quarter (see Special Questions). Nearly 57 percent of the firms expect increases in production in the second quarter; 17 percent expect decreases. This is in contrast to the situation in March of last year, when more firms were expecting declines in production than were expecting increases. Forty-eight percent of the firms said second-quarter production growth would represent an acceleration in growth (although only 7 percent characterized it as "significant acceleration"); 17 percent said the expected growth represented deceleration.


According to respondents to the March Business Outlook Survey, regional manufacturing activity continues to expand. Although indicators for new orders and shipments moderated from February, all of the broad indicators remained positive. Firms expect continued growth over the next six months, and nearly half indicated that they expect their rate of production to accelerate during the second quarter.

Special Questions (March 2010)

1. What change, if any, do you anticipate in your firm's production during the second quarter of 2010 compared to the first quarter?
2010 2009
Decrease of more than 5% 8.7%  
Decrease of 3-5% 5.8%  
Decrease of less than 3% 2.9%  
Total decrease 17.4% 44.5%
No change 26.1%  
Increase of less than 3%10.2% 
Increase of 3-5%15.9% 
Increase of more than 5%30.4% 
Total increase56.5%34.9%
Average Growth Anticipated 1.8% -2.4%
Median Growth Anticipated1.5%0.0%
Percentages may not add to 100 percent because some firms did not respond to every question.
Significant deceleration 4.2%
Some deceleration 12.7%
2. Would this represent an acceleration or deceleration of growth from the first quarter of 2010?
Deceleration 16.9%
No change 26.8%
Some acceleration 40.8%
Significant acceleration 7.0%
Acceleration 47.8%
Percentages may not add to 100 percent because some firms did not respond to every question.
3. Does the expected increase or decrease reflect seasonal factors or a change in business conditions?
Expected changes in business conditions39.4%
Percentages may not add to 100 percent because some firms did not respond to every question.

Return to the main page for the Business Outlook Survey.

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March 2010 PDF

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Questions about the Business Outlook Survey and its historical data can be addressed to Mike Trebing. E-mail