The Payment Cards Center hosted its Student Loan Repayment: Research, Data and Policy conference on September 17 and 18, 2015. The goal of this invitation-only event was to revisit the existing research on student loan repayment, to outline the policy-relevant research questions remaining to be answered, and to examine our capacity to answer these questions given the available analytical tools and data sources. By considering the different stages of a student loan — origination, servicing, and default management — we focused on the factors that affect student loan repayment and the ways in which rigorous research based on innovative data sources can help us to understand student and lender decision-making.