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The Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) requires most mortgage lenders located in metropolitan areas to collect data about their housing-related lending activity. Annually, lenders must file reports with their federal supervisory agencies and make disclosures available to the public. The Federal Reserve Board's Regulation C implements HMDA.1
In January 2002, after a comprehensive review of the regulation, the Federal Reserve Board approved amendments to Regulation C.2 The approved regulatory changes are intended to improve the quality, consistency, and usefulness of HMDA data.
The new rules were originally intended to become effective on January 1, 2003. However, the Board received a considerable number of letters from financial institutions and major trade associations indicating that the 2003 effective date did not allow adequate time to prepare computer systems and provide training on the new reporting requirements. After considering the feedback, the Board agreed to delay the effective date of the vast majority of the new requirements until January 1, 2004. Despite the delay of the effective date for most changes, the Federal Reserve Board did immediately adopt two amendments to Regulation C, which became effective on January 1, 2003.
Amendment effective January 1, 2003, for data collected
Effective January 1, 2003, lenders are required to request information about race, national origin, and sex for applications taken entirely by telephone.
This amendment was adopted immediately to reduce the risk of further increases in the rate of missing data on race, national origin, and sex. However, unlike face-to-face applications, a lender is not required to identify the race, national origin, or sex of a caller who declines to provide that information.
Amendment effective January 1, 2003, for data reported
March 1, 2004
HMDA data collected in 2003 and reported March 1, 2004, must include 2000 census data.
Throughout the decade of the 1990s, changes occurred in metropolitan populations and other characteristics for given census tracts, rendering the 1990 census data obsolete. The Federal Reserve Board determined that use of the 2000 census tracts and demographics would produce substantially more accurate and useful HMDA disclosure statements and aggregate reports. In addition, the updated information will enhance evaluations under the Community Reinvestment Act and fair lending examinations by more accurately identifying demographic data and lending patterns.
Amendments effective January 1, 2004, for data reported
March 1, 2005
HMDA data collections in 2004 will be subject to several changes, including disclosure of pricing data on higher cost loans, expansion of the number of nondepository institutions subject to reporting, and revisions to certain definitions to provide for more uniformity of reporting. Specific amendment mandates are as follows.
The information contained in this article is designed to provide guidance and information on the new reporting requirements of the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act as implemented by the Federal Reserve Board's Regulation C. It is projected that the publication A Guide to HMDA Reporting: Getting It Right will be revised by year-end 2003 to incorporate the changes that will become effective January 1, 2004.3 Furthermore, a web-based application similar to A Guide to CRA Data Collection and Reporting is in the development stage.4
The Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia is planning to conduct workshops on the changes to Regulation C during the third quarter of 2003. Information regarding these workshops will be mailed to financial institutions in the near future. If you have any questions regarding the amendments to HMDA and the Board's Regulation C, please contact Connie Wallgren, Vice President and Chief Examinations Officer at (215) 574-6217.
|HMDA Reporting Transition Rules|
|On March 3, 2003, the Board of Governors published
proposed transition rules for HMDA reporting of applications received before
January 1, 2004, on which final action is or would be taken on or after January
1, 2004. The press release and proposal are available on the Board of Governors
The Board is reviewing comments received on the proposal and will issue transition rules shortly.
The views expressed in this article are those of the author and are not necessarily those of this Reserve Bank or the Federal Reserve System.