October 15, 2003
To: All Member Banks and Others Concerned in the Third Federal Reserve District
Attention: Chief Executive Officer and Chief Compliance Officer
Subject: CONSUMER BROCHURE ON PREDATORY LENDINGS
The Board of Governors
of the Federal Reserve System and other federal government
agencies that are members of the Interagency Task
Force on Fair Lending have jointly published a new
brochure that alerts consumers to potential borrowing
pitfalls, including high-cost home loans, and provides
tips for getting the best financing deal possible.
The brochure, Putting Your Home on the Loan Line
Is Risky Business, warns that regardless of whether
a home equity loan is for a home repair, bill consolidation,
or some other purpose, it is important to shop around.
Borrowing from an unscrupulous lender, especially one that offers a high-cost loan using the home as security, could result in the loss of the borrower’s home and his or her money. The brochure cautions that certain lenders-often called “predatory lenders”-target homeowners with low incomes or credit problems, including the elderly, by deceiving them about loan terms or giving them loans they cannot afford to repay. Before signing the credit contract, consumers are encouraged to
The brochure notes that many consumers may have other
options for meeting their financial needs besides
taking out a home equity loan. Housing counseling
and social service programs are available to assist
people with financial problems.
If consumers decide that a loan is right for them, the brochure suggests talking with several lenders; comparison shopping for interest rates, payments, term of the loan, points and fees, and other costs of the loan; and having a knowledgeable friend, attorney, or housing counselor review the loan documents. A shopping checklist is included with the brochure.
The publication also reminds consumers that if they are refinancing or using their home as security for a home equity loan (or for a second mortgage loan or a line of credit), federal law gives them three business days after signing the loan papers to cancel the deal. The cancellation must be submitted in writing, after which the lender is required to return any money the consumer has paid to date. If the three-day period has already passed and consumers believe they have been misled, the brochure suggests that they contact a state or local bar association, a local consumer protection agency, or a local fair housing or housing counseling agency.
The brochure is available on the Board's website and from Publications, Stop 127, Federal Reserve Board, 20th & C Streets, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20551. A PDF (Portable Document Format) version is provided on the web site so that consumer groups, financial institutions, agencies, and other organizations can download and print copies for distribution to their clients and customers. It includes a space on the back panel for organizations to provide their own contact information. A Spanish-language version of the publication will be available in the future.
For Further Information: The media contact for the Board is Susan Stawick at (202) 452-2955. For print copies of the brochure, you may contact Jeri Cohen at (215) 574-6458.