America's Ever-Changing MoneyMoney After the Civil War and Before the Federal Reserve (1865-1913)
$10 Indian Head Gold Eagle and $20 Saint-Gaudens Double Eagle
At the urging of President Theodore Roosevelt in 1907, sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens designed two of the nation’s most magnificent coins: the $10 Indian Head Eagle and the $20 Standing Liberty Double Eagle. The $10 gold piece featured a woman wearing a stylized version of an Indian war bonnet, with a life-like eagle on the reverse. The $20 gold coin featured a standing figure of Liberty on one side and an eagle in flight on the reverse. The Double Eagle’s figures and mottos were initially executed in high relief, but a lower relief version proved far more practical to mint.