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Affordability and Availability of Rental Housing in Pennsylvania

Chapter 4: A Mid-Decade Update: Housing Conditions in 2005-06

Tables

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Table 15: Pennsylvania Housing Shortages in 2000 and 2005-06
 
Affordable Units
Affordable and Available Units
 
0-30% AMI
0-50% AMI
0-80% AMI
0-30% AMI
0-50% AMI
0-80% AMI
Per 100 Renter Households:
2000
96
152
157
49
87
107
2005-06
77
135
150
43
84
110
Actual Shortages/Surpluses
2000
(13,797)
302,316
503,212
(170,324)
(76,950)
64,300
2005-06
(88,316)
225,998
467,023
(220,369)
(99,912)
92,412

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia calculations based on 2000 CHAS data, U.S. Census Bureau and HUD, and 2005-06 ACS Data, U.S. Census Bureau.

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Table 16: Pennsylvania Cost Burdens Incidence in 2000 and 2005-06
 
% With Any Cost Burden
% With Severe Cost Burden
 
ELI Households
VLI Households
LI
Households
Total Households
ELI Households
VLI Households
LI
Households
Total Households
2000
69%
60%
23%
34%
53%
16%
3%
17%
2005-06
84%
67%
29%
44%
69%
21%
3%
24%

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia calculations based on 2000 CHAS data, U.S. Census Bureau and HUD, and 2005-06 ACS Data, U.S. Census Bureau.

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Table 17: Income Distribution of Lower Income Renter Households in 2005-06 and Percentage Changes from 2000
 
2005-06
Change From 2000
 
Distribution of Lower-Income Renters (as % of Total Renters) by AMI Group
Distirubtion of Lower-Income Renters (as % of Total Renters) by AMI Group
 
ELI
VLI
LI
ELI
VLI
LI
Pennsylvania
28%
19%
22%
4%*
1%*
0%
Region 1: Southeast
32%
16%
20%
4%*
1%
0%
Region 2: Northeast
26%
21%
23%
3%*
2%*
0%
Region 3: South Central
21%
19%
24%
3%*
1%
-1%
Region 4: North Central
26%
21%
23%
2%
1%
1%
Region 5: Southwest
29%
20%
22%
3%*
1%
1%
Region 6: Northwest
28%
19%
21%
5%*
-1%
-2%
Southeast Region: Philadelphia Metropolitan Division
Suburban Counties
21%
17%
21%
4%*
3%*
-1%
Philadelphia County
43%
16%
19%
5%*
-1%
0%

*Changes between 2000 and 2005-06 are statistically significant at the 90 percent confidence level.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia calculations based on 2000 CHAS data, U.S. Census Bureau and HUD, and 2005-06 ACS Data, U.S. Census Bureau.

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Table 18: Cost Burden Incidence in 2005-06
 
2005-06
 
% of Renter Households With Any Cost Burden
% of Renter Households With a Severe Cost Burden
 
ELI
VLI
LI
ELI
VLI
LI
Pennsylvania
84%
67%
29%
69%
21%
3%
Region 1: Southeast
87%
74%
37%
75%
24%
4%
Region 2: Northeast
82%
64%
29%
65%
18%
4%
Region 3: South Central
82%
67%
20%
66%
16%
2%
Region 4: North Central
79%
62%
26%
64%
20%
3%
Region 5: Southwest
83%
64%
27%
65%
24%
4%
Region 6: Northwest
82%
61%
24%
67%
18%
2%
Southeast Region: Philadelphia Metropolitan Division
Suburban Counties
89%
78%
41%
80%
31%
5%
Philadelphia County
86%
69%
33%
73%
18%
3%

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia calculations based on 2005-06 ACS data, U.S. Census Bureau.

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Table 19: Affordable and Available Housing Units in 2005-06 and Changes from 2000
 
2005-06
Change From 2000
 
Affordable Units per 100 Renter Households
With Household Income:
Affordable and Available Units Per 100 Renter Households With Household Income:
Affordable Units per 100 Renter Households
With Household Income:
Affordable and Available Units Per 100 Renter Households With Household Income:
 
0-30% AMI
0-50% AMI
0-80%
AMI
0-30% AMI
0-50% AMI
0-80%
AMI
0-30% AMI
0-50% AMI
0-80%
AMI
0-30% AMI
0-50% AMI
0-80%
AMI
Pennsylvania
77
135
150
43
84
110
-19*
-17*
-8*
-6*
-2
2
Region 1: Southeast
56
113
147
38
78
111
-11*
-11*
-4
-4*
0
7*
Region 2: Northeast
86
138
146
43
84
105
-24*
-25*
-17*
-9*
-6
-4
Region 3:
South Central
80
161
163
40
84
108
-28*
-28*
-8
-9*
-7
-1
Region 4:
North Central
104
149
146
48
86
106
-20*
-19
-8
-6
-4
-1
Region 5: Southwest
91
143
149
51
93
114
-18*
-13*
-8
-5
1
4
Region 6: Northwest
90
154
154
43
90
110
-44*
-24*
-3
-15*
-6
1
Southeast Region: Philadelphia Metropolitan Division
Suburban Counties
55
102
160
25
60
106
-15*
-20*
-13
-8*
-3
6
Philadelphia County
57
120
138
43
89
114
-10*
-6
2
-2
4
9

*Changes between 2000 and 2005-06 are statistically significant at the 90 percent confidence level.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia calculations based on 2000 CHAS data, U.S. Census Bureau and HUD, and 2005-06 ACS data, U.S. Census Bureau.

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Table 20: Actual Shortages/Surpluses in Affordable and Available Housing Units in 2005-06
 
2005-06
Change From 2000
 
Affordable and Available Units With Household Income:
Affordable and Available Units With Household Income:
 
0-30% AMI
0-50% AMI
0-80% AMI
0-30% AMI
0-50% AMI
0-80% AMI
Pennsylvania
(220,369)
(99,912)
92,412
(50,045)*
(22,962)*
28,112*
Region 1: Southeast
(90,308)
(47,766)
34,082
(15,878)*
(3,386)
23,552*
Region 2: Northeast
(34,720)
(17,643)
8,434
(10,093)*
(8,295)
(5,327)
Region 3: South Central
(24,270)
(12,192)
10,143
(7,551)*
(6,529)
207
Region 4: North Central
(15,237)
(7,602)
4,786
(3,318)
(2,528)
(192)
Region 5: Southwest
(41,236)
(10,570)
28,673
(7,006)*
428
8,886
Region 6: Northwest
(14,599)
(4,140)
6,296
(6,200)*
(2,653)
987
Southeast region: Philadelphia Metropolitan Division
Suburban Counties
(33,414)
(32,816)
8,186
(8,794)*
(7,701)*
7,446
Philadelphia County
(56,894)
(14,950)
25,896
(7,084)*
4,316
16,106*

*Changes between 2000 and 2005-06 are statistically significant at the 90 percent confidence level. Data for the state of Pennsylvania and each DCED region have been rounded in this table. Adding the DCED regions together will yield slightly different statewide results.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia calculations based on 2000 CHAS data, U.S. Census Bureau and HUD, and 2005-06 ACS data, U.S. Census Bureau.

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Table 21: Vacancy Rates by Rental Affordability in 2005-06 and Percentage Changes from 2000
 
2005-06
Change from 2000
ELI
VLI
LI
Total Vacancy
ELI
VLI
LI
Total Vacancy
Pennsylvania
11%
12%
7%
10%
1%
3%*
3%*
2%*
Region 1: Southeast
13%
15%
8%
11%
3%*
7%*
5%*
5%*
Region 2: Northeast
6%
10%
3%
6%
-3%*
0%
-1%
-1%*
Region 3: South Central
10%
7%
6%
7%
-1%
-1%
2%*
0%
Region 4: North Central
10%
9%
5%
8%
0%
2%
2%
1%
Region 5: Southwest
14%
16%
8%
12%
2%
6%*
3%*
4%*
Region 6: Northwest
12%
11%
3%
9%
2%
2%
0%
1%
Southeast Region: Philadelphia Metropolitan Division
Suburban Counties
3%
16%
8%
9%
-2%
7%*
4%*
4%*
Philadelphia County
18%
15%
9%
13%
5%*
7%*
5%*
6%*

*Changes between 2000 and 2005-06 are statistically significant at the 90 percent confidence level.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia calculations based on 2000 CHAS data, U.S. Census Bureau and HUD, and 2005-06 ACS data, U.S. Census Bureau.

Return to Chapter 4

Table 22: Cost Burden Incidence in 2005-06
 
% With Any Cost Burden
% With Severe Cost Burden
ELI Households
VLI Households
LI Households
ELI Households
VLI Households
LI Households
Pennsylvania
84%
67%
29%
69%
21%
3%
Counties With the Greatest Percentage of ELI Renters Who Had Severe Cost Burdens
Centre County
97%
80%
38%
91%
25%
3%
Monroe County
92%
58%
30%
85%
24%
11%
Delaware County
93%
74%
33%
82%
26%
3%
Bucks County
90%
76%
48%
79%
33%
6%
Montgomery County
85%
84%
42%
78%
35%
6%
Chester County
87%
73%
41%
76%
26%
4%
Erie County
83%
68%
22%
74%
28%
2%
Counties With the Smallest Percentage of ELI Renters Who Had Severe Cost Burdens
Montour/
Northumberland Counties
68%
57%
10%
54%
20%
0%
Clearfield/
Jefferson Counties
79%
47%
32%
54%
8%
0%
Clinton/Juniata/Mifflin/
Snyder/Union Counties
78%
47%
21%
54%
10%
0%
Westmoreland County
74%
59%
17%
52%
22%
0%
Blair County
60%
59%
29%
51%
15%
2%
Fayette County
78%
37%
4%
51%
6%
0%
Lebanon County
78%
54%
31%
46%
6%
4%
Cambria/Somerset Counties
68%
53%
21%
44%
19%
3%

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia calculations based on 2005 and 2006 ACS data, U.S. Census Bureau.

Return to Chapter 4

Table 23: Affordable and Available Housing Units in 2005-06 and Changes from 2000
 
2005-06
Change from 2000
Affordable Units per 100 Renter Households
With Household Income:
Affordable and Available Units per 100 Renter Households
With Household Income:
 
0-30% AMI
0-50% AMI
0-80% AMI
0-30% AMI
0-50% AMI
0-80% AMI
Pennsylvania
43
84
110
-6*
-2
2
Areas With the Largest Shortages of Affordable and Available Units per 100 ELI Households
Centre County
15
43
94
-9
-12
0
Monroe County
20
55
99
-9
-11
-7
Delaware County
21
72
112
-9*
3
8
Bucks County
25
56
104
-12*
0
6
Montgomery County
27
51
106
-5
-11
6
Erie County
29
79
108
-25*
-14
0
Lancaster County
31
73
104
-7
-8
0
Areas With the Smallest Shortage of Affordable and Available Units per 100 ELI Households
Clarion/Forest/
Venango Counties
57
87
112
0
-9
4
Schuykill County
58
95
103
-18
-16
-12
Blair County
60
107
112
5
13
3
Cambria/Somerset
Counties
77
107
112
0
0
0
Beaver/Lawrence Counties
79
100
112
15
4
2
Fayette County
80
113
114
8
4
2
Greene/Washington Counties
82
120
122
14
14
9

*Changes between 2000 and 2005-06 are statistically significant at the 90 percent confidence level.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia calculations based on 2000 CHAS data, U.S. Census Bureau and HUD, and 2005-06 ACS data, U.S. Census Bureau.

Return to Chapter 4

Table 24: Actual Shortages/Surpluses in Affordable and Available Housing Units in 2005-06 and Changes from 2000
 
2005-06
Change from 2000
Affordable and Available Units with Household Incomes:
Affordable and Available Units with Household Incomes:
0-30% AMI
0-50% AMI
0-80% AMI
0-30% AMI
0-50% AMI
0-80% AMI
Pennsylvania
(220,369)
(99,912)
92,412
(50,045)*
(22,962)*
28,112*
Area with the Largest Shortage of Units Affordable and Available to ELI Renter Household:
Philadelphia County
(56,894)
(14,950)
25,896
(7,084)*
4,316
16,106*
Allegheny County
(27,955)
(12,170)
16,788
(6,410)*
(970)
6,458
Delaware County
(11,076)
(7,177)
4,534
(1,881)
(212)
3,174
Bucks County
(9,240)
(8,866)
1,172
(4,415)*
(2,426)
1,682
Montgomery County
(8,629)
(11,896)
2,351
(1,284)
(3,896)*
2,455
Carbon/Lehigh Counties
(8,166)
(6,278)
904
(2,891)*
(2,889)
(1,523)
Erie County
(7,929)
(3,454)
1,946
(4,344)*
(2,529)
16

* Changes between 2000 and 2005/2006 are statistically significant at the 90 percent confidence level.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia calculations based on 2000 CHAS data, U.S. Census Bureau and HUD, and 2005-06 ACS data, U.S. Census Bureau

Return to Chapter 4

  • Last updated: Friday, June 11, 2010